SDG 12 – Responsible Consumption and Production
SDG 12 ’Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns’ aims to improve production and consumption processes to ensure the protection and efficient use of natural resources by all actors.
In the updated NDC submissions, 5% of activities addressed Goal 12 compared with 4% in the first NDC submissions. In the first NDCs, countries were prioritising targets '12.5 Reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse' (47%) and '12.4 Reduce release of waste and chemicals' (40%), linking these to 'Waste management' (28%), 'Recycling and reuse' (17%) and 'Waste-to-energy development' (11%) as key strategies for climate action. In the updated NDCs, countries are prioritising targets '12.5 Reduce waste generation through prevention, reduction, recycling and reuse' (37%) and '12.4 Reduce release of waste and chemicals' (25%), linking these to 'Waste management' (21%) 'Sustainable production measures' (13%) and 'Recycling and reuse' (12%) as key strategies for climate action.
Regarding first NDC submissions, activities related to this Goal are prioritising adaptation with 69% of the activities, while 9% focus on mitigation. Meanwhile, for updated NDC submissions 72% prioritise adaptation and 9% mitigation. The share of quantified activities has increased from 1% in the first NDCs to 5% in the updated NDC submissions.
How do countries’ NDC activities connect with SDG 12?
Find out which specific SDG targets and individual climate actions are most important for low-carbon and climate-resilient development.
Segment size = Share of climate activities relating to this targets
Segment size = Share of different types of climate action
Results for the country chosen for comparison or global averages
Segment size = Relative importance
Which countries or country groupings are prioritising SDG 12?
Some SDG targets are more prominently addressed by NDC activities than others. Explore how countries or country groupings are prioritising between SDG targets and climate actions.
How do aggregated SDG 12 activities from all countries’ NDCs reflect climate action?
Explore the difference between type of climate action, share of activities with quantified targets, countries with highest number of activities for this SDG, and the most important socio-economic categories for synergies with other SDGs.